Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay

“Brings novel, synthetic insight to understanding a region that was a hub of water borne trade and an important locus of production for some of the Maya’s most valued crops.”–Cynthia Robin, author of Everyday Life Matters: Maya Farmers at Chan

“This one-of-a-kind volume shows us how important this region was to the ancient Maya with detailed and vivid descriptions of sociopolitical and economic organization and their relation to the unique landscape and geography of Chetumal Bay.”–Laura J. Kosakowsky, author of Preclassic Maya Pottery at Cuello, Belize

Chetumal Bay is central to discussions of ancient Maya politics, warfare, economy, exchange, and communication because of its unique location. Although the ancient Maya invested prodigious labor in the construction of road systems called sacbeob for communication and trade, recent archaeological discoveries around Chetumal Bay in both Belize and Mexico reveal an economic alternative to these roads: an extensive network of riverine and maritime waterways.

Focusing on sites ringing the bay such as Cerro Maya, Oxtankah, and Santa Rita Corozal, the contributors to Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay edited by Debra S. Walker explore how the bay and its feeder rivers affected all aspects of Maya culture from settlement, food production, and the production and use of special goods to political relationships and social organization. Besides being a nexus for long distance exchange in valuable materials such as jade and obsidian, the region was recognized for its high quality agricultural produce, including cacao, achiote, vanilla, local fruits, honey, and salt, and for its rich marine environment. The Maya living on the fringes of the bay perceived the entire region as a single resource procurement zone. Waterborne trade brought the world to them, providing a wider horizon than would have been available to inland cities dependent only on Maya roads for news of the world. The research reveals that trade relations played a central role in the organization of human social life on Chetumal Bay.

——

Debra S. Walker is a research curator at the Florida Museum of Natural History.

A volume in the series Maya Studies, edited by Diane Z. Chase and Arlen F. Chase

 

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